Reggia di caserta

Reggia di caserta

Королевский дворец в Казерте (Reggia di Caserta)

Королевский дворец Казерты (Reggia di Caserta) — дворец с прилегающим к нему парком, расположен в Казерте, в 34 километрах от Неаполя. Это самая большая королевская резиденция в мире по занимаемой площади, а историческими владельцами дворца были Неаполитанские Бурбоны, за исключением короткого периода, когда в нем проживал Иоахим Мюрат.

Строительство Королевского дворца Казерты было начато королем Неаполя Карл VII Бурбоном. Он более известен в истории, как Карл III (Carlos III) — король Испании с 1759 года. До этого он успел побывать герцогом Пармским (под именем Карла I) в 1731-1734 годах и королем Неаполя и Сицилии (под именем Карла VII) в 1734-1759 годах. Он происходил из династии Бурбонов и был сыном Филиппа V и его 2-й жены, Елизаветы Фарнезе, и приходился двоюродным братом Людовику XV. От мамы Карлу достался титул герцога Пармы. В 1734 году Карл овладел Неаполем и Сицилией и, признанный в 1735 году их королём, вынужден был отказаться от Пармы в пользу своего брата Филиппа.
Под влиянием идей просветителей и своего министра Тануччи, Карл провёл в Неаполетанском королевстве целый ряд реформ, принесших ему большую популярность. Карл привёз с собой из Пармы в Неаполь картинную галерею Фарнезе, ныне размещенную в музее Каподимонте. В это время монархи предпочитали жить со своими дворами в удалении от столиц, в загородных резиденциях наподобие Версаля. Исторически так сложилось, что неаполитанские короли с XV века проживали в Испании, а королевством правили вице-короли. Сначала Карл решил построить загородный королевский дворец в Портичи, но скоро он понял, что нахождение дворца на морском побережье делает его удобной мишенью для неприятельского флота, в первую очередь английского, вспомнили британскую морскую экспедицию против Неаполя в 1742 году, и пришлось заложить новую королевскую резиденцию в глубине полуострова.
Карл обратился к архитектору Луиджи Ванвителли, в то время занятому восстановлением базилики Лорето от имени папы. Карл получил от Римского Папы разрешение и привлек его на строительство дворца. Король тем временем приобрел необходимую площадь, где стоял дворец Аквавива шестнадцатого века, у их наследника до герцога Микеланджело Каэтани, заплатив 489.343 дуката.
Король попросил, чтобы проект включал, помимо здания, парка прилегающую городскую территорию, со схемой нового акведука. Новый дворец должен был стать символом силы и величия Бурбонов, но также быть эффективным и рациональным. Карл также хотел переместить сюда некоторые административные структуры, соединив его со столицей Неаполем монументальной аллеей длинной более 20 км. Однако этот план был только частично реализован; даже сам королевский дворец не был завершен куполом и, первоначально запланированными, угловыми башнями.
Ванвителли прибыл в Казерту в 1751 году и сразу же начал проектировать здание, чтобы сделать его одним из самых красивых дворцов в Европе. 22 ноября того же года архитектор представил королю Неаполя окончательный проект для утверждения. Два месяца спустя, 20 января 1752 года, в день рождения короля, во время торжественной церемонии в присутствии королевской семьи был заложен первый камень дворца.
Год спустя, когда работы по строительству дворца уже шли полным ходом, началось создание парка под руководством Мартина Бианкура из Парижа. Работы продолжались в течение нескольких лет, а некоторые детали остались незавершенными. В 1759 году, после смерти своего брата Фердинанда VI, Карл взошел на трон Испании (под именем Карла III) и покинул Неаполь. Согласно действовавшим в то время международным договорённостям, при вступлении на испанский престол Карл отрёкся от неаполитанского в пользу своего третьего сына, малолетнего Фердинанда (Фердинанда IV Неаполитанского).
После смерти в 1773 году Ванвителли его сын Карло, также архитектор, продолжил работы в соответствии с отцовским проектом.

Дворец в Казерте становится королевской резиденцией Фердинанда IV в 1767 году. Он покинул Королевский дворец в Портичи (между Неаполем и Помпеи) после извержения Везувия в 1767 году. Не надо думать, что этот вулкан мирно спит с 79 года. Последнее историческое извержение вулкана Везувий произошло в 1944 году. Один из лавовых потоков разрушил города Сан-Себастьяно и Масса. Во время извержения погибло 27 человек. Высота фонтана лавы из центрального кратера достигала 800 м.
После провозглашения Неаполитанской Республики в 1799 году были экспроприированы здания и другое имущество королевской семьи. Здание дворца не понесло серьезный ущерб, но он был ограблен и много ценной мебели испорчено.
В 1806 году Наполеон захватил Неаполитанское королевство и вручил корону своему брату Жозефу Бонапарту (итал. Giuseppe Buonaparte). Королевская семья Бурбонов была вынуждена искать убежище на Сицилии, оставив свое имущество на полуострове, которое перешло в руки нового короля. С завоеванием Испании в 1808 году, Жозеф был направлен туда в качестве нового короля, а Иоахим Мюрат занял его место как король Неаполя Иоахим I. Мюрат всегда имел особое пристрастие к дворцу в Казерте, где он держал свой двор. Более подробно о его судьбе можно прочитать в статье о замке в Пиццо, где он завершил свой жизненный путь.
После Венского конгресса в 1815 году, была восстановлена монархия Бурбонов в новом Королевстве Обеих Сицилий. Позже дворец служил резиденцией династии Бурбонов. В 1860 году королевство было включено в состав вновь образованного королевства Италии и дворец пришел в состояние упадка. В нем проживал Emanuele Filiberto герцог Аоста, пока Виктор Эммануил III не передал его итальянскому государству в 1919 году.

Дворец, считающийся последним великим сооружением итальянского барокко, был завершен в 1845 году (хотя он уже был заселен намного ранее). Получился грандиозный комплекс из 1200 комнат и 1742 окон общей стоимостью 8 700 000 дукатов. С южной стороны дворец имеет длину 249 метров, высоту 37 метров и украшен двенадцатью колоннами.
Здание занимает площадь около 47 000 м². В дополнение к прямоугольному периметру здания, внутри прямоугольника, расположены два здания, которые пересекаются и образуют четыре огромных внутренних двора площадью более 3800 м² каждый.

Royal Palace of Caserta unofficial

The Royal Palace of Caserta (the Reggia) is the world largest one.
From it was born the Neoclassical Architecture.

Giglio Borbone 1, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

Reggia Di Caserta Scalone 1 1 1 1 700x474, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

The Royal Palace

Discover the Staircase and the beautiful rooms of the Royal Palace.

  • Modern Art:Terrae Motus
  • Ancient Art:Ancient Paintings

Reggia Di Caserta Con Parco Panorama 700x474, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

The Royal Park

The beautiful Gardens with the Fountains and the Acqueduct.

Cassettone Impero Murat Wat 1 700x500, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

The Art

Furniture, objects, books, frescoes, paintings, etc…in the Royal Palace.

Caserta Capua Anfiteatro Spartacus 3 500x309, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

The Province

(SOON) Discover wonders like the Spartacus arena in Capua, etc.

Caserta Quadro Piazza Torneo Fergola 1 500x309, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

HISTORY OF THE ROYAL PALACE

The life and works of the Architect, the history of the Royal Palace and the Bourbons, articles on art history of art and ancient documents browsable online.

VIRTUAL TOUR of the Royal Palace of Caserta

Virtually visit the splendid Halls and the Royal Park.

Caserta Palace Angels Demons 2 1 500x309, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

THE PALACE IN THE MOVIES

The Royal Palace has always been used as a movie set. Discover all the films, and also see documentaries on the Palace.

Stemma Borbone Napoli Due Sicilie 1 358x500, Unofficial Website of the Royal Palace of Caserta

The coat of arms of the Bourbons

The importance of the Royal Palace of Caserta

History, avant-garde, magnificence, wild nature, contemporary art, socialism. The Palace of Caserta was the dream of King Charles of Bourbon and Queen Maria Amalia of Saxon.

This is the largest and the most copied royal palace in the world, and it revolutionized the world architecture thanks to the genius of Luigi Vanvitelli, the greatest Italian architect of the XVIII century. He designed a new city, Caserta, whose palace was its centerpiece, and its architectural style was so imitated that turned the baroque into the neoclassical architecture, and being ahead of its time about the future concept of form follows function, he laid the foundation of contemporary architecture.

The complex of the Palace also includes the silk manufacture and the relative Belvedere of San Leucio, where the first form of socialism was born and the gender equality was created, and in addition there is also the WWF’s San Silvestro Oasis, the ancient forest for hunting of the King.

Exclusive interview: Joseph Capriati on his unique Reggia di Caserta live stream

Joseph Capriati talks to us about his live stream tribute to his hometown of Caserta, and what inspired his music selection.

Friday, August 27, 2021 — 8:00

We have been witness to some pretty extraordinary live streams over the years. With the global coronavirus pandemic changing the way we have been able to digest our after-hours entertainment and electronic music fix, there has been an incredible rise in live streaming services, and of course, live streams themselves.

The latest standout live performance came recently as a collaboration between Beatport and Mixmag. Techno phenomenon, Joseph Capriati, treated us to an outstanding hour and a half long performance at an 18th-century royal palace in his hometown of Caserta, Italy.

The UNESCO site, created by the Bourbon king Charles III in the mid-18th century to rival Versailles and the Royal Palace in Madrid, along with its stunning gardens, provided the aesthetic backdrop to an undeniable statement performance from one of techno’s undisputed icons.

Following a horrific start to 2021 for Joseph, marred by a life-threatening incident, we were delighted to see him back to his absolute best during an unforgettable live stream performance – full of his usual verve and animated stage presence.

One of the kings of techno performing in a former royal palace is not only fitting, but the performance itself – which blends driving techno, breaks, electronica and much more – is a timeless rendition of modern performance art.

Set against one of the most culturally significant pieces of historical architecture from the artist’s native anchoring, this is the level of thought and creativity that we love to see in the field of visual streaming DJ sets.

Why did you choose the Reggia of Caserta (Royal Palace of Caserta), and does it have any particular meaning to you?

Well, let’s start by saying that Caserta is my hometown And I particularly chose the Reggia of Caserta because it’s a symbol of my city, an important symbol of my city. Still, it’s also well known all around the world as it was built by the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies as their main residence as kings of Naples. For me, the Reggia of Caserta is one of the biggest expressions of Italian art and architecture; it’s something really beautiful and untouchable, born from the genius of the engineer and architect Luigi Vanvitelli, who was in fact commissioned to create the most beautiful palace in Europe. Nowadays, the Reggia of Caserta is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which was actually one of the reasons why it was not easy at all for me to get the permit to perform there, as you can imagine! Playing there for me was something absolutely legendary… For my city and for my career, and I couldn’t have chosen a better place to express as its best my music message, which is all about art, freedom and music. We did a great job, and I’m very happy with everything.

How would you describe the feeling and the emotions playing there, in such a wonderful place but without public?

That’s a good question because I’m, of course, not used to performing without a public in front of me, but when I’m mixing in the studio naturally. I have to say that playing there really made me feel alive… I felt like all around me was dancing, the art and architecture – which has more than 250 years – fusing with my music. It was just beautiful. I also have to thank the guys from We Are Factory: they did an incredible job with the production, the drones and the recording cameras.

We really loved the whole set and saw you happy and enjoying it! We’d like to know more about what has inspired your particular music selection and what you thought when preparing it?

I have been focusing a lot on music this past year, and this set represented for me a new beginning. It’s not very different from what I usually do, but you can hear some metamorphosis in my music taste and selection. I really work hard nowadays, I’m more focused than ever in production, and actually, most of the tracks I played are part of my new upcoming projects I’m very happy that you enjoyed it.

Are any tracks worth mentioning for any particular reason?

There were few tracks that mean a lot to me actually: the opening track, which is part of a collaboration with Enzo Avitabile, Enzo is one of Naples’s biggest legends that ever existed, and our track is not only unreleased but also included in our upcoming album… which is going to be something epic. Other tracks worth mentioning are also brand new ones: one, ‘Sogno Profondo’, which has just been released via Afterlife and included onto their ‘Realm Of Consciousness Pt.V‘, and another one is a special collaboration with Anthony Rother via his alias, Datapunk. A lot of fresh and new music as you can see

Describe this live streaming with three words (by giving 3 adjectives)

Classy. Detailed. Honest.

Would you like to dedicate/are you dedicating this stream/performance to anyone?

Yes. I want to dedicate my performance to all the people all over the world who are suffering throughout these challenging times, and I also want to dedicate it to the music scene, which is really living the more difficult times it has ever seen. Last but not least, I dedicate this streaming to my city, Caserta and to the whole region of Campania, which I proudly represent all around the world.

Thank you very much for this interview; it was a pleasure.

Here is where you can catch Joseph Capriati playing this August Bank Holiday weekend in the UK:

Visitare la Reggia di Caserta: orari e prezzi dei biglietti

Oggi parliamo di un’esperienza che a tutti nella vita dovremmo fare almeno una volta: visitare la Reggia di Caserta. Vero e proprio gioiello artistico e culturale, il Palazzo Reale è senza dubbio uno dei tesori custoditi nella nostra Nazione. Costruita dall’architetto Luigi Vanvitelli su commissione di Carlo di Borbone, la Reggia di Caserta avrebbe sin dall’inizio del progetto dovuto far concorrenza alla Reggia di Versailles mostrando la maestosità e la potenza dello stato Borbonico. L’obiettivo è stato senza dubbio raggiunto ed infatti questo incantevole luogo è stato proclamato Patrimonio dell’Umanità dall’Unesco. Naturalmente per la sua importanza storica e la sua bellezza attrae tantissimi turisti, vediamo allora alcune informazioni utili per visitare la reggia di Caserta.

Per quanto riguarda l’ingresso bisogna ricordarsi che il Palazzo è chiuso il 1 gennaio, il 25 dicembre, il lunedì dell’Angelo, il 1 maggio e tutti i martedì. Per gli orari si deve invece tener conto del periodo dell’anno. Se, infatti, la visita agli Appartamenti Storici e alla Quadreria è sempre possibile dalle 8.30 alle 19.30 (con chiusura della biglietteria alle 18.45 e ultimo ingresso alle 19) quello al Parco Reale e al Giardino ha solo l’orario di apertura fisso (8.30) mentre quello di chiusura cambia da mese a mese:

apertura 08:30ultima entrata Parco — chiusura Giardino Inglesechiusura Parco
Gennaio — Febbario14:3015:30
Marzo16:0017:00
Aprile17:0018:00
Maggio17:3018:30
Giugno — Luglio18:0019:00
Agosto — Settembre17:3018:30
Ottobre16:3017:30
Novembre — Dicembre14:3015:30

Quanto ai prezzi dei biglietti, per visitare gli Appartamenti Storici (Quadreria, Scalone d’onore e Volte di copertura Arti decorative) il Parco e il Giardino il biglietto costa 12 euro, 6 euro il ridotto. Il ticket relativo solo agli appartamenti Storici (acquistabile quando il Parco e il Giardino sono chiusi) viene 9 euro, 4.50 il ridotto. La prima domenica del mese l’ingresso agli Appartamenti Storici è gratuito, mentre quello al Parco costa 5 euro, 2.50 il ridotto riservato ai ragazzi dai 18 ai 25 anni. I minori di 18 anni entrano gratuitamente.

The Reggia di Caserta

Our Rating Neighborhood Viale Douhet Hours Royal Apartments: Wed-Mon 8:30am-7:30pm; last admission 30 min. earlier. Park: Wed-Mon 8:30am-sunset; last admission 2 hr. earlier. English Gardens: Guided tours every hour 9:30am to 3 hr. before sunset Phone 0823-277430, 0823-277111 Prices Admission to apts 4.50€ ($6.30/£3.15); gardens 2.50€ ($3.50/£1.75); both 6€ ($8.40/£4.20). Audioguides 3.50€ ($4.90/£2.45). Guided tours 3.60€ ($5/£2.50). Bus shuttle to Diana Fountain 1€ ($1.40/70p) round-trip. Horse carriage to Eolus’s Fountain 10€ ($12/£6) per person round-trip

One of the most beautiful royal palaces in the world, the Reggia is a masterpiece of harmonious architecture and decorative arts. (If you experience déjà vu during your visit, it may be because the Reggia was used as a location for Star Wars: Episode I — The Phantom Menace).

When King Carlo III Bourbon decided to leave Naples which he considered too open to attacks from the sea, he asked his architect Luigi Vanvitelli to build him a palace that could rival the courts of Paris, London, and Madrid. Vanvitelli dedicated the last 20 years of his life to the construction, for which he used the best materials and workmanship available in the country. The Reggia was finally finished 1 year after the architect’s death in 1774, but its interior was not fully completed until 1847. The palace is grandiose, measuring over 45,000 sq. m (484,376 sq. ft.), and divided into four wings, each surrounding a separate courtyard.

A visit starts in the very scenic main gallery, where the view stretches all the way to the end of the park and the majestic waterfall. You then climb the splendid main staircase to a magnificent octagonal vestibule, all decorated with precious marble in various colors. The scale of it is almost stupefying: There are 116 stairs, flanked by niches containing sculptures that allude to the grandeur of the kingdom. We love the two sculpted lions by Pietro Solari and Paolo Persico, which are among the most familiar symbols of the Reggia.

The Palatine Chapel opens onto the vestibule. Like everything else at the Reggia, it has imposing dimensions (37m/120 ft. long). Inside, over the entrance, you will see the royal box from which the king and queen observed services, while on the main altar you can see the wood model of the ciborium that was never built. Some of the 13 columns defining the gallery still show the damage from the 1943 bombings. (Note: The chapel was closed for restoration when this guide was published.) Also opening onto the vestibule, to the left of the main staircase, are the Royal Apartments. The decorations in the appartamento nuovo («new» apartment) date from the early 19th century, with stuccoes, bas-reliefs, and frescoes. Of the several halls, we like the Sala di Marte, celebrating military virtues through nine bas-reliefs by Valerio Villareale and a large ceiling fresco by Antonio Galliano depicting mythological scenes from Virgil’s Iliad. Nearby is the Throne Room, which was inaugurated in 1845; it dazzles with gild stucco and 46 medallions depicting all the kings of Naples, from the Norman Roger I to Ferdinand II.

The visit continues through the so-called appartamento vecchio («old» apartment), inaugurated by Ferdinando IV and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria in 1780. Beautifully furnished and decorated with frescoes, these were the private rooms of the queen and king. First come the «conversation rooms,» decorated according to seasonal themes by Antonio Dominici (Primavera and Autunno, or spring and fall) and Fedele Fischetti (Estate and Inverno — summer and winter). Spring and summer make up the receiving room and sitting room, respectively, while fall is the dining room, and winter is the smoking room. After these come the bedroom, the king’s study, and the queen’s parlor. Our favorite furnishings here are the magnificent Murano glass chandeliers and the carved chairs and sofas, masterpieces of neoclassical Italian furniture by Nicola and Pietro Di Fiore. The paintings are by Jacob Philipp Hackert, a court painter who was kept very busy by the Bourbons. Goethe called him an «inveterate hard worker,» who not only painted prolifically but gave drawing lessons to the royal children and delivered lectures. We particularly like his scenes of the kingdom’s harbors in the receiving room, as well as the depictions of royal sites in the king’s study. Finally, you’ll come to the three rooms of the library — notice the frescoes in the third room by Friederich Heinrich Függer, said to contain hidden Masonic meanings, a subject which deeply interested the queen — and to an oval hall which contains the magnificent presepe reale (royal manger scene).

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Through a side door from the octagonal vestibule near the main staircase, you can access the permanent exhibit Terrae Motus, composed of over 70 pieces by Italian and foreign contemporary artists — there is even a piece by Andy Warhol and one by Keith Haring — in reaction to the terrible earthquake that shook Campania in 1980.

Back on the ground floor at the end of the main gallery, you come out onto the Reggia’s magnificent park. Covering about 120 hectares (296 acres), it is not only enormous, but simply the most celebrated of Italian gardens in the world. The park stretches from the palace to the nearby hills along a central path 3.2km (2 miles) long, graced by a number of fountains, pools, and gardens. A majestic waterfall created by Luigi Vanvitelli cascades from the hills at the end of the park. To fulfill the needs of the palace, he designed an aqueduct to carry water all the way from Monte Taburno, 40km (25 miles) away. The waterfall was the point of arrival of the aqueduct — which he named Caroline Acqueduct after the queen. Today, the water for the fountains is recirculated thanks to pumps, while the aqueduct feeds the town’s supply.

Among the fountains depicting mythical events, the most spectacular is the Fountain of Eolus, a large construction of grottoes and figures representing the palace of the wind god. Above it and up the hill is a system of three fountains feeding into each other, Fountain of Ceres, Fountain of Venus and Adonis, and Fountain of Diana and Atteon. This last is the highest, and we recommend climbing up to it for the superb view. To the right of this last fountain is the entrance to the English Garden, created for Queen Maria Carolina di Borbone by the son of the architect, Carlo Vanvitelli. The Italian architect designed the garden while English botanist and landscape artist Andrea Graefer, created the plant arrangements. Covering over 30 hectares (74 acres), it is a perfect romantic realization, with a lake, a spring, and a small temple, all decorated with ancient Roman statues taken from the ruins of Pompeii. The queen also indulged her infatuation with the Masons here, and the garden is full of hidden symbols and esoteric references. It is accessible only by guided tour.

We recommend taking the horse-carriage tour, which is relatively short, but very romantic. Don’t expect it to take you all the way to the top, as the climb is too steep for the horses; the carriages U-turn by the Fountain of Eolus. Another interesting tour is offered on weekend nights June through October. Called Percorsi di Luce nella Reggia (Paths of Light in the Reggia) (tel. 0823-4480840 or 0823-462078; www.percorsidiluce.it), it uses music, visual, and performing arts to help the visitor discover the Reggia, the famous gardens, and the kings that inhabited it. The tours are narrated by art historians and accompanied by light effects, 18th-century music, short performances, and multimedia presentations. Started in 2003, this event is scheduled only a year at a time, and cancellation is always threatened due to lack of funds. Make reservations well in advance (admission is 18€/$25/£13; children 5 and under free). Regular guided tours with professional art historians are offered daily during opening hours by Arethusa (tel. 0823-448084; www.arethusa.net); tours are 3.60€ ($5/£2.50) for the 1 1/2-hour visit.

Note: A visit to the palace (and even more so the park) involves extensive walking. The palace is wheelchair accessible through a private elevator in back of the ticket booth; calling in advance is best, but you can also inquire upon arrival. A shuttle bus is provided between the palace to the Fountain of Diane and the entrance of the English Gardens; pay and sign up for the bus at the ticket booth.

You will find a cafeteria inside the Reggia, at the end of the main gallery just before the exit to the gardens; it is open nonstop during visiting hours. In summer, you’ll find a temporary snack bar at the entrance to the English Gardens. However, it is a good idea to carry your own water if you are planning a lengthy exploration of the park.

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.

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